(ἀρτάβη; artábē). Denotes an originally Persian measure of capacity for dry goods, according to Hdt.1,192 consisting of 51 choínikes (= c. 55 l). From the Ptolemies onwards, the artabe is used in Egypt as the largest unit of capacity for dry goods, and depending on the region consists of 28, 29, 30 or 40 choínikes (1 choínix varies from c. 0.9-1.5 l).
F. Hultsch, Griech. und röm. Metrologie, 21882
O. Viedebantt, Forsch. zur Metrologie des Alt., 1917
J. Shelton, Artabs and Choenices, in: …